Updated: Aug 26, 2020
Osteoporosis or porous bone is a disease characterized by low bone mass and structural deterioration of bone tissue, leading to bone fragility and an increased risk od fractures of the hip, spine, and wrist. Men as well as women affected by osteoporosis however there is a high number of women than men that have been diagnosed with osteoporosis.
Lifestyle Changes to Reduce Fractures:
• ↑ Calcium
• ↑ Vit D
• Don’t Smoke
• ↓ Alcohol
• Medication of interest
(Clinician’s Guide to the Prevention and Treatment of Osteoporosis, NOF, 2014)
Exercise with regards to osteoporosis improves balance and co-ordination which helps prevent falls and this in turn reduces fractures.
Types of Exercises
• Weight-bearing exercises which make you work against gravity while being upright, such as brisk walking.
• Muscle-strengthening exercises which make you move your body, a weight, or some other resistance against gravity, such as lifting weights; also called resistance exercises.
• Posture training
A Biokineticist can assist, taking into consideration risk factors with a comprehensive assessment and individual exercise prescription.